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Home > Lok Sabha Constituencies

Lok Sabha Constituencies 2015

The Lok Sabha is composed of representative of the people chosen through election. Each Member of Parliament comes to the Lok Sabha after winning the elections from the constituency he has chosen to represent. India is politically divided into 543 Lok Sabha constituencies which are represented by members of Parliament. These constituencies are drawn based upon the population of each state of India. It is because of this that Uttar Pradesh, which has a high density of population over a large area, has the largest number of seats amounting to a whopping 80 seats/constituencies.

After every Indian census, that takes place in ten years intervals, the Central Government constitutes a Delimitation Commission. This Delimitation Commission demarcates the boundaries of the Parliamentary Constituencies as per provisions of the Delimitation Act. The present delimitation of Lok Sabha constituencies has been done on the basis of 2001 census figures under the provisions of Delimitation Act, 2002. The Constitution of India was specifically amended in 2002 so as not to have delimitation of constituencies till the first census after 2026. So the present Constituencies will continue till at least 2026.

There is reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha, and this too is based on the percentage of their population vis-a-vis the general population in a particular state. 84 seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and 47 seats have been reserved for the Scheduled Tribes. Reservation for Women is still a distant dream as the Women's reservation bill has been discussed, debated but has not yet been passed.

Some of the leading states in terms of number of Lok Sabha Constituencies are Uttar Pradesh with 80 Lok Sabha Seats/Constituencies, Maharashtra with 48, West Bengal and Andhra with 42 followed by Tamil Nadu with 39 Lok Sabha Constituencies.

The states that have the least seats are Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim with one parliament constituency each. All union territories excepting Delhi have only one Lok Sabha Constituency each.

List of Lok Sabha Seats

States & Union Territories No. of constituencies No of Seats 2009
BJP Congress
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1 1 -
Andhra Pradesh 42 - 33
Arunachal Pradesh 2 - 2
Assam 14 4 7
Bihar 40 12 2
Chandigarh 1 - 1
Chhattisgarh 11 10 1
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 1 -
Daman and Diu 1 1 -
National Capital Territory of Delhi 7 - 7
Goa 2 1 1
Gujarat 26 15 11
Haryana 10 - 9
Himachal Pradesh 4 3 1
Jammu and Kashmir 6 - 2
Jharkhand 14 8 1
Karnataka 28 19 6
Kerala 20 - 13
Lakshadweep 1 - 1
Madhya Pradesh 29 16 12
Maharashtra 48 9 17
Manipur 2 - 2
Meghalaya 2 - 1
Mizoram 1 - 1
Nagaland 1 - -
Odisha 21 - 6
Puducherry 1 - 1
Punjab 13 1 8
Rajasthan 25 4 20
Sikkim 1 - -
Tamil Nadu 39 - 8
Tripura 2 - -
Uttarakhand 5 - 5
Uttar Pradesh 80 10 21
West Bengal 42 1 6
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