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Home > Political Parties > All India forward bloc

All India forward bloc

All India Forward Bloc, abbreviated as AIFB is a regional political party formed by Subhas Chandra Bose.

It is a radical party with a left-wing nationalist political philosophy.

The main objective of the party is to spread the notion of class struggle...
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About All india forward bloc

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All India Forward Bloc, abbreviated as AIFB is a regional political party formed by Subhas Chandra Bose. It is a radical party with a left-wing nationalist political philosophy. The main objective of the party is to spread the notion of class struggle. It follows that a classless and stateless society can be accomplished through a socialist upheaval which accepts Scientific Socialism as its chief goal. Party was founded through separating from group of the Indian National Congress in 1939 and the party got a sovereign political position in India, after 1947. The election symbol of the All India Forward Bloc, as accepted by the Election Commission of India, is "a Leaping Tiger" on a red flag.

Netaji was dedicated for the wellbeing of society. He resigned from the post of the President of Indian National Congress in April 1939 and promised to establish a new political party that can advocate its strong fight against colonial imperialism and dominance. A rally was held in Calcutta and youth group came forward to sign a vow, under the wise management of Netaji. The party was officially established on 3rd May, 1939. On the 22nd of June, 1939, the All India Forward Bloc organized its first conference in Bombay, where the Constitution and program of the Forward Bloc was planned. The Central Committee of the All India Forward Bloc was formally announced about one month in July. Subhas Chandra Bose became the President, Lal Shankarlal its General Secretary and S.S. Cavesheer from Punjab was chosen the Vice-President of AIFB. The Nagpur Conference of the party, held from 18-22 June 1940, and it was considered as a significant period in the AIFB. Bose, as the President of the political party, resolved to win Purna Swaraj or complete independence for India by starting some tangible plans. Party took numerous initiatives to form a national unity among all sections of the Indian society. Propinquity was felt to organize the development of Panchayats, as media of struggle and organs of administration, right from the village level to the centre.

Party felt that developing Panchayats was essential if people of Infix had to accomplish Purna Swaraj. However, after the 'Great Escape' of Bose in January 1941, the members and workers of the party were harshly agonized and cruelly injured by the police and other state organs of the colonial management. The party was declared unlawful and therefore was banned by the British government. However, the AIFB still had an imperative role in the Quit India Movement in 1942 and all anti-imperialist struggles for independence. After that, the AIFB organized regular meetings and rallies to strengthen its position and confirm its strong political existence in the nation. The Arrah Conference of the All India Forward Bloc held in January 1947 was important event in the life of the party. The Arrah theory which is called the political circle aimed at consolidating the Left forces in India and to accomplish the post-war revolution, leading to "All Power to Indian People" as firmly visualized by Netaji. The party further strengthened its status after Indian independence, by reorganizing a number of its workers, committees and organizations. Netaji and other members of the AIFB were determined to gain for India its independence from the British. National unity was to be attained through collaboration and consolidation of all sections of the civilization. Netaji had political principle to give huge power to the people of India. In order to achieve this target, the Indian had to be physically powerful, courageous, and spirit of always ready for odd circumstances.

Presently, the AIFB party has great dominance in the state of West Bengal. However, it also operated in states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Tripura, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In West Bengal, the AIFB is in association with the left parties, forming the Left Front. Although there are philosophical differences between the AIFB and other left political parties, the Left Front has a very famous name in West Bengal.

Prominent leaders of AIFB Party

The leaders of the All India Forward Bloc are also their national representatives and executives. Debabrata Biswas is General Secretary of the AIFB. He is a politician from West Bengal and an ex Member of Parliament, in the Rajya Sabha or the Upper House of Parliament. He represents the Forward Bloc from West Bengal. He has also remained the Vice-Chairman of the West Bengal State Fisheries Cooperative Societies Limited and the General Secretary of a number of organizations under the AIFB, the All India Agragami Kisan Sabha. Velappan Nair is Chairperson of AIFB and he has remained the Chairperson of All India Forward Bloc for many decades. Narahari Mahato is a Member of Parliament and represents the Purulia constituency of West Bengal in the 15th Lok Sabha. Nripendra Roy is Member of Parliament. As a member of the AIFB, Roy represents the Coochbehar constituency of West Bengal in the 15th Lok Sabha. Barun Mukherji is a Member of Parliament and represents West Bengal in the Rajya Sabha.

Political activities and success of AIFB

AIFB is believed to be one of the oldest existing political parties in India. In its political period, the All India Forward Bloc has considerably contributed to the political situation of the nation. The All India Forward Bloc has numerous mass organizations under its banner that include the youth wing of the AIFB called All India Youth League, the student's wing called All India Student's Bloc, the trade union organization called the Trade Union Coordination Committee, its peasant organization called All India Agragami Kisan Sabha, the women's organization called All India Agragami Mahila Samiti and its tribal organization called Agragami Adivasi Samiti. Another association is formed namely, "India- China Friendship Association."



The All India Forward Bloc started to execute the Manmohan-Haseena Agreement of 2011, which enhanced the strong association between India and Bangladesh. Party members met the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh to discuss over issues of water share, enclaves and adverse land between the two nations. The AIFB made noteworthy support for the cause of the Tamils in Sri Lanka during the period of predicament and genocide in Sri Lanka, over the issues of race and mores. The party, along with its organization, the All India Agragami Kisan Sabha, raised concern against the anti-peasants policies of the present Congress government. The AIFB organized strikes, rallies, conventions, picketing and dharnas against the farmer suicides in the nation and even against increasing tyrannical policies of the government towards the peasants.

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