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Home > Political Parties > Bharatiya Janata party

Bharatiya Janata Party

Bharatiya Janata party is a leading political party in India and at present plays the role of opposition. It s abbreviated name is simply the "BJP".

The BJP has evolved from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, that was formed by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee in 1951 as the political wing of the activist Hindu group Rashtriya Swayamesevak Sangh.

The Bharatiya Jana Sangh put in major efforts to re-establish India according to the norms of Hindu culture, much to the chagrin of other parties that believed in Secularism...
...more

BJP News

Priyanka is subtle, Rahul directly attacks PM

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    1:36 pm
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) It has been a style of contrast in campaign by Congress President Rahul Gandhi and his sister Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, who is the party's star campaigner for the ongoing Lok Sabha polls. View More..

BJP continues to protest over Telangana exam goof-up

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    1:00 pm
Hyderabad, April 30 (IANS) Demanding state Education Minister Jagdish Reddy's resignation over the Intermediate examination results goof-up, BJP workers on Tuesday tried to lay siege to the official residence of Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekhar Rao here. View More..

Notice issued to Rahul on his British citizenship

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    12:56 pm
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a notice to Congress President Rahul Gandhi to clarify his nationality within a fortnight after Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP Subramanian Swamy alleged that he is a British national. View More..

Curiosity, controversy over Army's Yeti trace claim

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    12:50 pm
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) The Indian Army's claim that it has found traces of the mythical Himalayan monster, Yeti, has triggered curiosity and controversy. View More..

Sporadic incidents of post poll violence in Bengal

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    12:36 pm
Kolkata, April 30 (IANS) Two persons were injured in a clash between the Trinamool Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party activists in West Bengal's Birbhum district on Tuesday as sporadic incidents of post poll violence were reported from various parts of the state. View More..

Notice to Congress nominee in Himachal

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    12:06 pm
Shimla, April 30 (IANS) The Congress nominee from Himachal Pradesh's Kangra Lok Sabha constituency has been served a show-cause notice by the Returning Officer for violating the model code of conduct while filing his nomination papers, official said on Tuesday. View More..

Yogi Adityanath, Priyanka Gandhi in Amethi

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    12:02 pm
Lucknow, April 30 (IANS) Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath and Congress General Secretary Priyanka Gandhi will be in Amethi on Tuesday almost at the same time campaigning for their two high profile party candidates. View More..

Court grants Kejriwal exemption in defamation case

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    11:42 am
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) A Delhi court on Tuesday granted exemption from personal appearance to Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and three others in a defamation complaint filed by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Rajiv Babbar. View More..

MHA issues notice to Rahul over his British citizenship

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    11:42 am
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has issued a notice to Congress President Rahul Gandhi to clarify his nationality within a fortnight after Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP Subramanian Swamy alleged that he is a British national. View More..

Rahul Gandhi, Amit Shah to campaign in MP

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    11:24 am
Bhopal, April 30 (IANS) Congress President Rahul Gandhi and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) President Amit Shah on Tuesday will be in Madhya Pradesh to campaign for their party candidates. View More..

EC to decide complaints against Modi, Rahul on Tuesday

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    9:34 am
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) The Election Commission (EC) on Tuesday is set to decide on complaints of alleged violations of the model code of conduct (MCC) against Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Congres President Rahul Gandhi and BJP President Amit Shah. View More..

Sealing, injustice to government employees to rule New Delhi constituency: Maken

Posted On : Apr 30,2019,    9:08 am
New Delhi, April 30 (IANS) Congress leader and former Union Minister Ajay Maken is raking up the issues of sealing drive against unauthorised constructions and "injustice meted out to government employees" by the Modi dispensation in his bid to wrest from BJP the New Delhi Lok Sabha constituency which he represented earlier. View More..

BJP complains to EC against Rahul

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:22 pm
New Delhi, April 29 (IANS) The BJP on Monday complained to the Election Commission against Congress chief Rahul Gandhi for violating model code of conduct by making malicious allegations against Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP chief Amit Shah. View More..

BJP complains to EC against Bengal violence

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:18 pm
New Delhi, April 29 April 29 (IANS) The BJP on Monday complained to the Election Commission against violation of model code in West Bengal, citing various incidents. View More..

BJP candidate meets Trinamool strongman Mondal on poll day

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:18 pm
Bolpur (West Bengal), April 29 (IANS) Embarrassing the saffron leadership, the BJP's candidate for West Bengal's Jadavpur constituency, Anupam Hazra, who was expelled by Trinamool Congress for anti-party activities, on Monday met the state's ruling party strongman Anubrata Mondal at the Trinamool party office here in Birbhum district. View More..

Uma Bharti-Pragya Thakur meeting turns emotional

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:16 pm
Bhopal, April 29 (IANS) It was an emotional meeting of two saffron clad sadhvis of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), here on Monday. When BJP candidate from the Bhopal Lok Sabha seat Sadhvi Pragya Thakur and Union Minister Uma Bharti met they could not hold their emotions and welling of tears in the eyes. View More..

67% vote in MP, 70% in Chhindwara by-poll (Fourth Lead)

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:14 pm
Bhopal, April 29 (IANS) Around 67 per cent voting was recorded in six parliamentary constituencies -- Sidhi, Shahdol, Jabalpur, Mandla, Balaghat and Chhindwara -- and by-election for the Chhindwara Assembly seat in Madhya Pradesh, the state Election Commission sources said, here on Monday. View More..

68.75% turnout in Rajasthan's first phase of LS polls

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:14 pm
Jaipur, April 29 (IANS) Rajasthan saw a turnout of 68.75 per cent in the first phase of Lok Sabha election in the state involving voting for 13 out of its 25 seats on Monday, officials said. View More..

385 nominations filed for Punjab's 13 LS seats

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    11:12 pm
Chandigarh, April 29 (IANS) On the last day of filing of nominations, 188 candidates filed their papers in Punjab for 13 Lok Sabha seats on Monday. View More..

Sheila sure of Congress victory in 7 Delhi LS seats

Posted On : Apr 29,2019,    10:58 pm
New Delhi, April 29 (IANS) Sheila Dikshit, former Delhi Chief Minister and Congress candidate from north east Delhi Lok Sabha seat, on Monday asserted that her party would sweep the 2019 general elections in the national capital and accused Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal of fooling people on full statehood issue. View More..



About Bharatiya Janata Party

Bharatiya Janata Party History

Bharatiya Janata party is a leading political party in India and at present plays the role of opposition. It s abbreviated name is simply the "BJP". The BJP has evolved from the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, that was formed by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee in 1951 as the political wing of the activist Hindu group Rashtriya Swayamesevak Sangh. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh put in major efforts to re-establish India according to the norms of Hindu culture, much to the chagrin of other parties that believed in Secularism. In 1967, Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) gained a sizeable grip in the Hindi-dominating provinces of northern India. After a decade, this party headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee made coalitions with three other political parties and established a new group that was called the Janata Party and took over the pedals of the government. These newly formed coalitions were overwhelmed by factionalism and internal clashes and the government collapsed in July 1979. The Bharatiya Janata party or the BJP, was officially formed in 1980 after splitting by rebellions within the Janata Dal alliance, whose main leaders wanted to exclude chosen BJS officials from participating in the RSS. The Bharatiya Jana Sangh consequently identified itself as the Bharatiya Janata party which was governed by the principles of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani, and Murali Manohar Joshi. The Bharatiya Janata party led the national government along with alliance of parties of the NDA from 1998 to 2004 and Atal Bihari Vajpayee ruled the government as Prime Minister.

Party Symbol

The party symbol is lotus (kamal) which has been represented in various shapes and colours, especially saffron. However in electronic voting machines (EVM), it is a lined diagram of the lotus flower in blue. The voters, so used to seeing a saffron lotus, are often confused when they see this blue outline of a lotus as they are looking for the saffron, the colour most associated with the BJP. Due to this reason in 2013 the party made an effort to promote the outlined lotus in all its propaganda.

"The symbol kamal (lotus) may not be decorated, distorted or made colourful in any way to make it more attractive. By doing so, the voters get confused at the time of voting," Rajnath Singh said in his November 2, 2013 letter.

BJP National Leaders

Party leadership at the moment includes Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Mr. L K Advani, Mr. Rajnath Singh, and Mr. Narendra Modi. There are many leaders who have been very vocal and visible in the party like Mrs. Sushma Swaraj, Mr. Arun Jaitley and Mr. Venkaiah Naidu

BJP's Presence in different states

Records indicate that since December 2013, the BJP has attained a majority of assembly seats in five states that include Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Goa. In two other states Punjab and Nagaland it shares power with other political parties of the NDA coalition. The BJP has formerly ruled Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, as well as Odisha, and Jharkhand as part of coalition governments.

List of BJP Chief Ministers

S.no States Chief Minister
1 Chhattisgarh Shri Raman Singh
2 Goa Shri Manohar Parrikar
3 Gujarat Shri Narendra Modi
4 Madhya Pradesh Shri Shivraj Singh Chauhan
5 Punjab Sardar Prakash Singh Badal
6 Punjab Smt. Vasundhara Raje


Ideology and Objectives

The Bharatiya Janata party has immense significance in the politics of India. It believes that the party runs by the maxims vital humanism and Hindutva, which was elucidated by the party as cultural nationalism devoted to a pleasant civilization as opposed to Hindu nationalism. Party advocates sternly believe in national defense strategies. The notion of Hindutva is the focal point in the philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata party. The party thinks it has a major objective to change India into a contemporary and progressive country by following the rules from ancient Hindu culture and values of India. According to the party's establishment, it describes that the party is vowed to develop India as a strong and wealthy nation, which is progressive and liberal in position and thus is able to appear as a great world power in the world. The BJP has a goal to develop a democratic state which promises to all people irrespective of caste, creed or sex, political, social and economic fairness, equal opportunity and freedom of faith and expression. The Party shall bear true loyalty to the structure of India at legal ground and to the beliefs of socialism, secularism and social equality and would maintain the power, unity and openness of India.

BJP and Hindutva

The BJP reveals great dedication to Hindutva, a philosophy expressed by Hindu politician Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. The party emphasizes that Hindutva is just cultural nationalism, which supports Indian inheritance and culture over Westernization. The principles of the BJP asserted that Hindutva naturally broadens to all Indians despite differences of religion. Many investigators and political leaders designated that Hindutva philosophy adopted by the BJP and its associates is to redefine India in terms of its Hindu legacy, and to recast it as a Hindu nation. It is just an effort to establish a Hindu nationalist party.

After the creation of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in 1998, there is an alteration in the beliefs and policies of the BJP on Hindutva, as numerous groups merged that had diverse beliefs. The BJP has enacted diverse strategies in government to take forward its Hindutva ideology, like changing the content in school books. Mr Murali Manohar Joshi's efforts were opposed to strongly by other national parties.

Ram Janmabhoomi and the BJP

Since its initial stage, the BJP is committed to build the Ram Janmabhoomi temple in Ayodhya at the location of the disputed structure/Babri Mosque. The party was in the forefront of the campaign to construct a temple in the start of 1990s, and raised this issue in the electoral process in 1991. There was massive support by hindus who has donated bricks and service to the temple building process. The Kar sevaks were aggressive and determined. So much was the support that the BJP was able to come to power at the center not to speak of the demolition of the Babri Masjid during a BJP rally in 1992. However, the building of the temple in the rhetoric of the party has been toned down as the enthusiasm of the people died down and also much blood has been shed over the issue in terms of riots and destabilization of the Indian Nation.

The BJP Definition Of Secularism

The BJP emerged as a huge party that strongly criticized the Congress for accepting "pseudo-secularism", instead of "positive secularism". The BJP particularly supports the abolition of the laws that exist to preserve the cultural inheritance of minority groups such as Muslims and the endorsement of a uniform civil code across all religions. Atal Bihari Vajpayee stated that Indian secularism must visualize all religions with great respect, while European secularism was autonomous of religion and make Indian secularism more constructive.

BJP's stand on Bangladeshi Immigrants

The BJP has espoused strategies that rebuff illegal migration into India from Bangladesh. The party justifies its stand by stating that such illegal immigration may lead to disturbance in India mostly in the states of Assam and West Bengal and intimidate the security, financial system, and strength of the nation. Many scholars designated that the BJP party consider these Hindu migrants from Bangladesh as refugees, and they are illegal.

Economic Policies of the BJP

The monetary strategy of the BJP has considerably transformed since its establishment in 1980, and there is an array of economic philosophies within the party. In the decade of 1980, the BJP, revealed the thoughts of the RSS and its associates. It adopted Swadeshi, or the sponsorship of native industries and products, and a protectionist export strategy. Mainly, BJP favored internal economic liberalization and resisted the state-driven industrialization that is encouraged by its opponent party, the Congress.

As time passed, the policies of the BJP had changed and in the elections in 1996, the BJP had changed its attitude considerably from protectionism and moved toward globalization. At that time, its election proposal suggested to enhance foreign investment in priority business areas, while limiting it in other sectors. When the party gained power at the centre in 1998, it changed its standing and worked to promote globalization. During this period, NDA had made much transformation and there were unparalleled entry of foreign companies into India. Such activities created heavy criticism from the left parties and also from its supportive parties such as the RSS and the Swadeshi Jagran Manch. The communist parties stated that the BJP wanted to calm down the World Bank and the United States government through its neoliberal strategies. This attitude was reverberated by the RSS, and raised concerns that the BJP did not follow Swadeshi principles.

But in the period of two NDA governments that was from 1998 to 2004, India's GDP had increased significantly. In the 2004 election process, BJP's slogan was India Shining that diverted attention of the public to visualize substantial transformation in the market. The party's ideology is to develop the free market in order to enhance wealth to all sectors of civilization. Though its ideology favors national development, the party had to face an unforeseen defeat. Many critics voiced that NDA's policies were not effectual as it overlooked the needs of the poor and marginalized and put more emphasis on its business.

Such changes in the monetary policies of the BJP have been mirrored in the state government, particularly in Gujarat where BJP has ruled for long time. Narendra Modi, chief minister of Gujarat since 2002, has followed a clearly neoliberal program, framed as a drive towards expansion. His government devised strategies that favor wide-ranging privatization of infrastructure and services, as well as a significant rollback of labor and environmental system. Such policies are appreciated by the business group of people but critics argue that the party is supporting high class people. Also many rules and laws are overlooked to accommodate these businesses which may lead to more problems later.

The BJP on National Defence

The BJP has outlined polices to promote a strong national defence mechanism which includes a transformation of India's armed forces and a strong nuclear deterrence. It supports the full incorporation of Jammu and Kashmir into India by withdrawing its special status. The BJP claims to follow the principles of Gandhian socialism. It favors positive secularism and spotless administration. According to the BJP, struggle of reservations for the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes are similar to the backward castes as per the proposal of the Mandal Commission.

BJP and its future

Currently, the BJP is visualized as a good option to take political power in the country. BJP has won the state assembly election 2013 in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh and come out as the biggest party in Delhi. To generate awareness among people, the Bhartiya Janata Party has even launched a website and invited suggestions from voters for its election manifesto for the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. The BJP's manifesto is influential as it is collecting "people's ideas" with the option of "Post your suggestion" at their website www.bjpelectionmanifesto.com. In the party manifesto, BJP promoted images of prime ministerial candidate and Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, party president Rajnath Singh and head of the proposal committee Dr Murli Manohar Joshi. Mr. Modi appeals to citizens of India that they will change representative democracy into participatory democracy. The party also assures people about non-negotiable commitment and representation of the aspirations of the all citizens of India, with special focus on the youth.


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