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Home > Political Parties > Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress (INC) is the oldest and the most prominent political party in the country. It was founded in 1885 and has a political legacy of over hundred years.

It was founded in 1885 and has a political legacy of over hundred years. INC was in the forefront of India's freedom struggle and played pivotal role in India's independence.

The history of India's independence is entwined with the history of INC.....
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INC News

President's salute on R-Day message to forces to be prepared: Pranab

Posted On : Jan 22,2018,    10:24 pm
New Delhi, Jan 22 (IANS) When the President of India takes the salute as the Supreme Commander at the Republic Day parade, he sends out a message to the forces to be prepared for any eventuality, and the celebration is a show of strength, former President Pranab Mukherjee said on Monday. View More..

Modi, Tendulkar most talked about parliamentarians on Facebook

Posted On : Jan 03,2018,    12:30 pm
New Delhi, Jan 3 (IANS) While Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the most talked about Lok Sabha member and Sachin Tendulkar was the most popular Rajya Sabha member on Facebook in 2017. View More..

Sonia cycles during 'de-stress' vacation in Goa

Posted On : Dec 28,2017,    4:32 pm
Panaji, Dec 28 (IANS) Days after relinquishing Congress affairs to her son, former party chief Sonia Gandhi is on a "de-stress" vacation in Goa, and an image of her cycling at a resort here has created waves on the social media. View More..

Swamy rues absence of NDA leaders at Malaviya's birth anniversary event

Posted On : Dec 25,2017,    2:56 pm
New Delhi, Dec 25 (IANS) Senior BJP leader Subramanian Swamy on Monday rued the absence of National Democratic Alliance (NDA) leaders, including central Ministers, at an event held here to commemorate Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya's 156th birth anniversary. View More..

Shatrughan Sinha congratulates Rahul Gandhi, says long live INC

Posted On : Dec 16,2017,    8:40 pm
Patna, Dec 16 (IANS) BJP member of Parliament Shatrughan Sinha on Saturday congratulated Rahul Gandhi on becoming the new Congress President and wished well for the future of India's oldest political party. View More..

My role is now to retire, says Sonia

Posted On : Dec 15,2017,    6:52 pm
New Delhi, Dec 15 (IANS) Sonia Gandhi on Friday said it was time for her to retire, triggering immediate speculation about her future plans, but the Congress party sought to quell it saying she has only retired from the party chief's role and not from politics. View More..

Sonia has retired as party chief, not from politics: Congress

Posted On : Dec 15,2017,    2:22 pm
New Delhi, Dec 15 (IANS) As Sonia Gandhi on Friday said it was time for her to retire, the Congress party clarified that she has retired as party President and not from politics. View More..

Modi remembers Sardar Patel on death anniversary

Posted On : Dec 15,2017,    12:28 pm
New Delhi, Dec 15 (IANS) Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday paid tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on his death anniversary and said the nation was indebted to him. View More..

EC orders FIRs against channels showing Rahul's interview

Posted On : Dec 13,2017,    9:18 pm
New Delhi, Dec 13 (IANS) The Election Commission on Wednesday directed the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of Gujarat to lodge FIRs against TV channels that aired Congress President elect Rahul Gandhi's interview as "it violated the law". View More..

India has survived as a single political entity because of democracy (Exclusive to IANS)

Posted On : Dec 12,2017,    1:40 pm
(Noted public intellectual, professor of Economics and an active member of the British Labour Party since 1971, Meghnad Desais latest book "The Raisina Model" (Penguin/Rs 499/208 pages) offers a critical and frequently uncomfortable mediation on Indias contemporary political culture. Presented here is an exclusive extract from the book:) View More..

Rahul Gandhi elected Congress President, PM Modi congratulates him (Roundup)

Posted On : Dec 11,2017,    9:30 pm
New Delhi, Dec 11 (IANS) Rahul Gandhi, who is putting up a spirited campaign against Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Gujarat, was on Monday elected the President of the Congress, taking over from his mother who had helmed the country's oldest party for 19 long years. View More..

Rahul Gandhi elected Congress President

Posted On : Dec 11,2017,    5:08 pm
New Delhi, Dec 11 (IANS) Rahul Gandhi, who is putting up a spirited campaign against Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Gujarat, was on Monday elected the President of the Congress, taking over from his mother who had helmed the countrys oldest party for 19 long years. View More..

Modi meme has BJP worked up, Youth Congress chief apologises

Posted On : Nov 21,2017,    9:54 pm
New Delhi, Nov 21 (IANS) A meme on official Twitter handle of the Indian Youth Congress online magazine 'Yuva Desh' targetting Prime Minister Narendra Modi was dubbed "deplorable" by the BJP on Tuesday, with the Congress youth wing later apologising for it. View More..

Congress leaders in Kerala pay tributes to Indira Gandhi

Posted On : Nov 19,2017,    6:38 pm
Thiruvananthapuram, Nov 19 (IANS) Congress leaders in Kerala on Sunday paid glowing tributes to late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on her birth centenary. View More..

Modi pays tributes to Azad, Kripalani

Posted On : Nov 11,2017,    11:22 am
New Delhi, Nov 11 (IANS) Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday paid tributes to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Acharya J.B. Kripalani on their birth anniversaries. View More..

Indian MPs to visit University of Chicago

Posted On : Oct 27,2017,    6:14 pm
New Delhi, Oct 27 (IANS) A delegation of Indian parliamentarians will visit the University of Chicago in the US with the aim to fast track solutions for India's diverse energy challenges, an official said on Friday. View More..

Poll alliance to be decided at CPI-M Congress: Yechury

Posted On : Oct 16,2017,    9:08 pm
New Delhi, Oct 16 (IANS) The CPI-M on Monday said it will decide the issue of aligning with the Congress at its 22nd party Congress to be held from April 18 to 22 next year in Hyderabad. View More..

BJP's declared assets increased by 627% in 10 years: ADR

Posted On : Oct 16,2017,    8:44 pm
Kolkata, Oct 16 (IANS) The Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) declared assets jumped by 627 per cent from Rs 122.93 crore to over Rs 893 crore between FY 2004-05 and 2015-16, according to an analysis by Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR). View More..

Rallying secular parties different from poll alliances: Yechury

Posted On : Oct 16,2017,    8:06 pm
New Delhi, Oct 16 (IANS) Communist Party of India Marxist (CPI-M) General Secretary Sitaram Yechury on Monday said rallying secular and like-minded parties against the communal forces represented by the BJP-RSS is "different from forging elections alliances". View More..

Mukul Roy resigns as MP, cites lack of principle for leaving Trinamool

Posted On : Oct 11,2017,    7:34 pm
New Delhi, Oct 11 (IANS) Suspended Trinamool Congress leader Mukul Roy on Wednesday resigned his Rajya Sabha seat and cited "lack of principle" as his compulsion to leave the party of which he was a founding member. View More..



Indian National Congress

    Indian National Congress History

INCIndian National Congress (INC) is the oldest and the most prominent political party in the country. It was founded in 1885 and has a political legacy of over hundred years. INC was in the forefront of India's freedom struggle and played pivotal role in India's independence. The history of India's independence is entwined with the history of INC.

Since independence INC has headed the central government for a total of 49 years in India. In the 15 general elections held in the country so far, the INC has won an outright majority on six occasions, and has led the ruling coalition four times.

In the 15th Lok Sabha Congress emerged as the single largest party with 206 seats and led a coalition of political parties called the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), to form the government. The UPA led by INC has come to power in two successive terms once in 2004 and then in 2009.

INC has been led by the Nehru-Gandhi family since independence. The family leadership of the party is largely accepted and there is no challenge to the hereditary leadership structure.

Ideology of the party

In the Indian political spectrum, the INC holds centre-left position and considered to have modern and liberal outlook. The INC advocates neo-liberal policies as well as populism, social liberalism, and secularism as its goals.

Policies of the party:

INC's social policy is based on the Gandhian principle of Sarvodaya or the upliftment of all sections of the society. The party supports the concept of family planning with birth control. INC's economic policy favors free market economy but takes a cautious approach towards liberalization to ensure that the idea of socialism doesn't get negated. In foreign relations nonalignment is the bedrock of the INC's foreign policy.

Party Leaders

Sonia Gandhi is the President of INC since 1998. She has an Italian ancestry and is the widow of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. At one point, under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi, the INC ruled 15 out of 28 states in India. In 2004, despite massive support from within the party, Sonia Gandhi declined the post of Prime Minister, and chose to appoint Manmohan Singh instead. In 2009 Lok Sabha elections, under the leadership of Sonia Gandhi, INC won 207 seats and the UPA 262 seats and thus easily was able to form the government for the second time.

Rahul Gandhi is the Vice President of the INC and second in command of the party. Rahul Gandhi is seen as a youth icon of India. He entered politics in 2004 but assumed official posts since 2007. Rahul Gandhi sees himself as a uniting force who likes to reduce caste and religious tensions in the country. He hates divisive politics and is of the opinion that Hindu extremists pose a greater threat to the country than Muslim militants.

Manmohan Singh is one of the most senior leaders of the INC and current Prime Minister of India. A renowned economist, he is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term, and the first Sikh to hold the office. In 1991, as a Finance Minister he carried out several structural reforms that liberalised India's economy. In 2004, when the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, its chairperson Sonia Gandhi unexpectedly relinquished the Prime Minister post that went to Manmohan Singh. In 2009 general election UPA returned to power and Manmohan Singh retained the office of Prime Minister. He has announced that he intends to step down after the 2014 general election.

INC Organization Structure:

The organizational structure of INC remains the same as it was in pre independence days. In every Indian state and union territory, there is a Pradesh Congress Committee (PCC), which is the state-level unit of the party, responsible for directing political campaigns at local and state levels and assisting the campaigns for Parliamentary constituencies.

The All India Congress Committee (AICC) is formed of delegates sent from the PCCs around the country. The delegates elect various Congress committees, including the Congress Working Committee, which consists of senior party leaders and office bearers, and takes all important executive and political decisions.

The President of the Indian National Congress is in effect the party's national leader, head of the organisation, head of the Working Committee and all chief Congress committees, chief spokesman and the Congress choice to become the Prime Minister. The Congress Parliamentary Party (CPP) is the group of elected MPs in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The CLP (Congress Legislative Party) consists of all Congress Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) in each state.

The INC is recognized as the largest and one of the oldest democratically-operating political parties in the world. After being in power for two successive terms the INC is facing the incumbency problem in the general election of 2014.

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