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Home > Political Parties > Shiromani Akali Dal

Shiromani Akali Dal

Shiromani Akali Dal, recognized as the Akali Dal, is a regional political party, as accepted by the Election Commission of India.

It is mainly popular in the state of Punjab. The principles of Akali Dal are based on the political position of far-right, with a political philosophy of Sikhism. The Shiromani Akali Dal has its existence to fulfil the requirement of the Sikhs across Punjab and around the globe.

It is the oldest regional democratic party of the nation and it is guided by the headship of Sukhbir Singh Badal. Sometimes, the party is also named as the Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal), to avoid any confusion. ....

Shiromani Akali Dal News

About Shiromani Akali Dal

   Shiromani Akali Dal History

Shiromani Akali Dal, recognized as the Akali Dal, is a regional political party, as accepted by the Election Commission of India. It is mainly popular in the state of Punjab. The principles of Akali Dal are based on the political position of far-right, with a political philosophy of Sikhism. The Shiromani Akali Dal has its existence to fulfil the requirement of the Sikhs across Punjab and around the globe. It is the oldest regional democratic party of the nation and it is guided by the headship of Sukhbir Singh Badal. Sometimes, the party is also named as the Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal), to avoid any confusion. Since its inception, the Shiromani Akali Dal is very loyal to the Sikh community. Shiromani Akali Dal has not permitted the Akali Party to come out as a regional alternative to the Congress in the Punjab.

The Election Symbol of the Shiromani Akali Dal as approved by election commission is the scales.

Political history of party:

Shiromani Akali Dal was established in December 1920 as a task force of the Sikh religious body and the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee. This political party mainly intended to work for the rights and wellbeingof Sikh people, who form the majority of the population in Punjab. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first President of the Akali Dal. The party took part in some of the most magnificent sagas in the fight for independence of India that include party's active participation in the Bardoli Satyagraha and huge protests against the Simon Commission in 1928. Party was governed by eminent leader, Master Tara Singh, the Akalis and under his guidance, party members actively involved in the Civil Disobedience Movement and grimly protested against the Pakistan Resolution passed by the Muslim League in 1940 to develop a separate nation of Pakistan. This step was visualized as damaging to the prospects and concord among people in the previous undivided Punjab.

The Akali Dal gained popularity and huge success under the headship of Master Tara Singh. After the independence of India, Shiromani Akali Dal involved in the Punjabi Suba Movement, this was led by Sant Fateh Singh. The Akalis demanded carving out a state out of entire East Punjab that comprised majority Punjabi citizens of the district. Those protests were so powerful that the Indian government decided for the re-organization of the boundaries of the previous East Punjab. In 1966, the state of Punjab was established and the Akali Dal ruled in the state. But the government could not continue to power because there were internal dispute within the SAD. Presently, the Akali Dal is in coalition with the BJP and forms a majority in the state, with 56 of its own members and 12 members of the BJP in the Punjab Legislative Assembly. The current Chief Minister of the state is party supporter Parkash Singh Badal. It has 4 seats in the Lok Sabha and 3 seats in the Rajya Sabha, correspondingly. Its prime opposition party in the state is the Indian National Congress. The Akali Dal controls the different Sikh religious bodies such as Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee and Delhi Sikh Gurudwara Management Committee. The party is highly respected among Sikhs in the nation for protecting religious, cultural and linguistic minorities.

Main leaders of party:

The leaders of Shiromani Akali Dal, also represents as a the national executives of the party are as follows: The chief leader of the party is Parkash Singh Badal and he is Party supporter of Shiromani Akali Dal. He is in-charge of the present Chief Minister of Punjab and serving his fifth term as CM in the state. He has been the youngest member to have become the Chief Minister initially in 1969. Parkash Singh Badal was previous president of the Akali Dal. He is a dominant Sikh leader in the nation after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Sukhbir Singh Badal is president of SAD and son of Parkash Badal, He is currently the Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab. Previously He remained in power as former Union Minister of State for Industry in the Vajpayee-led BJP government. He is a very powerful leader of the Shiromani Akali Dal. He was actively involved in formulating major party policies and schemes.

Harsimrat Kaur Badal is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha. She is the wife of Sukhbir Singh Badal. She represents the Bathida constituency of Punjab in the 15thLok Sabha. Paramjit Kaur Gulshan is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha. She represents the Faridkot constituency of Punjab in the 15thLok Sabha. Rattan Singh Ajnala is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha. He represents the Khadoor Sahib constituency of Punjab in the 15thLok Sabha. Sher Singh Ghubaya is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha. He represents the Ferozpur constituency of Punjab in the 15thLok Sabha. Naresh Gujrat is Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa is Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha and Secretary General of Shiromani Akali Dal. Balwinder Singh Bhunder is Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha.Ranjit Singh Brahmpura is Senior Vice President of Shiromani Akali Dal. Balwant Singh Ramowalia is also Senior Vice President and National Spokesperson of party. Avtar Singh Hit is General Secretary of Shiromani Akali Dal. Daljit Singh Cheema is Secretary and Spokesperson of SAD.

MPC Party appeals to citizens to take interest in political movement and vote for them in the upcoming elections. When MPC will be in power, every Mizo can be secured and see positive change and all round progress in state.


Shiromani Akali Dal is in frontline at the national level and has always remained loyal to a distinguished indulgence for Punjabis in general and the Sikhs in particular. Party's aim is to respect feelings of Sikh community. It always struggles a lot for protecting their political, economic, social and cultural rights. Since its commencement in December 1920, the first major aim before the Shiromani Akali Dal was to liberate the Gurdwaras from the shackles of dishonest Mahants and Pujaris, who enjoyed the backing of the colonial rule. The popular religious upsurge during the Gurdwara Reform Movement was channelized into an influential instrument for India's fight for freedom. The Shiromani Akali Dal party is committed to the highest principles of peace, communal synchronization, universal brotherhood and the welfare of humankind (Sarbat Da Bhala). Shiromani Akali Dal was the first party who supported the notion of co-operative federalism based on political and financialindependence. This concept was first opposed but consequently accepted and implemented by all regional and national political party. SAD decisively believes that the strong federal structure is effectual way to strengthen the goals of national unity and wealth.

The Shiromani Akali Dal has always respected rich cultural, linguistic and religiou smultiplicity of nation. The party has a thought that emotional unity of Indian citizens is important as against the artificial uniformity that is supported by the Congress. Unluckily, the Congress has thoroughly worked to demoralize the interests of the minorities in the nation. It considers the factors of cultural and political consistency, as against emotional and cultural integration. The Shiromani Akali Dal has commitment to people to protect and promote the interests of the minorities in the nation in a process that facilitates them to contribute in constructive and meaningful manner for the development of society. The party has a vision of a strong India that is able to play its destined role as a global leader and strengthen its constituents in the surest way to accomplish social and political objectives.SAD believes that with great support and effective policies, minority groups will be strong, prosperous and confident and it will result in strong growth of states in political and economic sector. Such developments may assure a great future for India.

The vision of Shiromani Akali Dal is to build a Punjab in which every single Punjabi is able to walk in and out of any government office. Party's main objective is to ensure dignity and self-respect of every rural and urban Punjabi and make them master of his destiny and the government, a tool for the accomplishment of life plans. Other components of party vision are to bridge the gap between the people and their government through major reforms in governance by changing the approach to management.

Party is committed to raise the bar in education and health and recruiting more teachers and more doctors, providing the art facilities in schools and hospitals. It is believed by party members that there is a need to transform higher education by establishing centres of excellence such as world class university, ISB. Party also addressed the enhancement of agriculture sector. Shiromani Akali Dal has great plans to improve agricultural and industrial growth by developing world level infrastructure, road network and air connectivity besides making Punjab a power surplus state and ensuring 24-hour power supply to the commercial, Industrial and farm sectors as well as to the domestic consumers.

Major political Mission of Shiromani Akali Dal is to strengthen party structure at basic level and to bring internal democracy in the party so that the party can gain confidence of the people of the state and ensure that policies executed can give best results. Within the Organization, the party aims at a synergy of the youth force with the Taksali cadre. Whereas the youth would provide the essential firepower and eagerness, the Taksali Akalisare given proper training and ideological strength and transparency to the party. The SAD is stimulated by the dignified ideals set before us by great Gurus, saints and seers in which it was taught that people must haverespect for every religion, human brotherhood and Sarbat da Bhala are the basis of party approach to life. The party is committed to peace and communal harmony in the nation. Shiromani Akali Dal has made alliance with Bhartiya Janata Party and this ally enable to fulfil a mission for the overall welfare and development of the state. As a part of this mission of Punjab, the SAD-BJP government has appeared in the country through making reforms in governance.

Political success of Shiromani Akali Dal: The Shiromani Akali Dal is quite successful in political scenario. The party has established several frontal organizations under its flag which have gained success to accomplish to the interests of the sections they represent. Such as the students' wing called the All India Sikh Students' Federation (AISSF), the Youth Wing under Bikram Singh Majithia, and the Women's Wing under Paramjit Kaur Gulshan. These are auxiliary yet independent organizations that espoused the principles of Shiromani Akali Dal. The Akali Dal has commitment to people that they will make Punjab a power surplus state through huge investment in the power projects and investing in small power-generating houses.Through effective economic policies and great ideologies, Shiromani Akali Dal has hastened income growth in the state that is more than the previous governments accomplished. Party has smoothly managed to gather funds from the Centre. In the regime of Shiromani Akali Dal, the farmers are being given low-interest farmer loans,improved irrigation facilities, free power, and state-of-the-art irrigation techniques so that Punjab can outshine as high level producer of agricultural products. Simultaneously, Shiromani Akali Dal also focused on industrial growth and sent invitations to huge business houses and corporate lobbies for the enhancement of state. Shiromani Akali Dal has firm policy to offer Potable Water to All.

The main aim of Shiromani Akali Dal is to guarantee all citizens of Punjab to live a high order life. This can be attained through improved infrastructural facilities as well as enhancing educational institutions at global level in the state. Party has espoused viable policies and has good administration that caters the need of each section of Punjab's inhabitants. Since last year in its manifesto, party declared that there is free education to all girl students up to graduation level and government jobs to all sportspersons winning medals at the international level. With reference to zero tolerance towards corruption, the party whispered that it would guarantee a strong and independent Lokayukta in its regime in future. The Party manifesto demanded more political and financial powers for the state from the Central government. The Akali Dal had earned popular applause for its role in the Gurdwara Reform Movement. Party concentrated on the Sikhs in a single territorial unit in which they could protect their political rights and identity.

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