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Shiv Sena

Shiv Sena, is a regional political party as permitted by the Election Commission of India.

It has dominance in the state of Maharashtra, along with observable presence in the Konkan coastal areas. Shiv Sena expanded its party ideology in other states of India having a strong Hindu majority.

This party has a far-right political position, with political beliefs of Hindutva and Maratha nationalism. Basically, the Shiv Sena believes in tremendous regional chauvinism and ethnic individuality....
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Shiv Sena News




About Shiv Sena

   Shiv Sena History

Shiv Sena, is a regional political party as permitted by the Election Commission of India. It has dominance in the state of Maharashtra, along with observable presence in the Konkan coastal areas. Shiv Sena expanded its party ideology in other states of India having a strong Hindu majority. This party has a far-right political position, with political beliefs of Hindutva and Maratha nationalism. Basically, the Shiv Sena believes in tremendous regional chauvinism and ethnic individuality. The Shiv Sena is a Hindu nationalist political organization. It was established on June 19, 1966, by famous political cartoonist Balasaheb Thackeray that was popularly recognized as Bal Thackeray. The Shiv Sena was the birth of Bal’s father Keshav Sitaram Thackeray, who enthusiastically participated in the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement (United Maharashtra Movement). In the beginning of 1950s, when boundaries of states were redrawn owing to linguistic similarity, it was demanded a separate state for Marathi-speaking people and called it Maharashtra. The desire to form this state was so strong that massive riots and political struggles occurred within the Bombay government during that time. However, Bombay being the financial capital of India drawn the attention of Indian populace from different states to get lucrative jobs. Especially, large number of people from Bihar and South India started migrating to the city. The Election Symbol of the Shiv Sena, as accepted by the Election Commission of India, is “Bow and Arrow”.

In that period, Bal Thackeray engrossed with the sentiments of the Marathi youngsters, and his cartoons were directed against the immigrants to Maharashtra. The Shiv Sena did not begin as a political party as such, but as a group of Marathi chauvinist men who rebels against non-Marathis people who settled in the state. This type of viewpoint quickly noticed by people and there was huge acceptance among people, especially the youth, and members of the Shiv Sena. They continually demanded political actions to that favour the Maharashtrian over the migrant populations in the state. After that, the Shiv Sena began its regional exclusivity claims to include strong religious associations, and become bigoted of all religions apart from Hinduism. It related with the BJP-led National Democratic Front, and began advocating for a country based on Hindu nationalism. It has been suspected that the Shiv Sena had a crucial role in the various riots which happened in Maharashtra, such as the 1984 Bhiwandi riots, and the infamous 1992-93 Bombay riots. The party had an active part in the NDA cabinet in the Centre from 1998-2004. Currently, after death of Bal Thackeray in 2012, his son Udhav Thackeray took over charge as head of the Shiv Sena. His son Aditya Thackeray is the youth leader of the party. The party was split in 2005 when Bal Thackeray’s nephew Raj Thackeray left the party and established new own political faction, the Shiv Sena has maintained its monopoly in Mumbai and regions of Maharashtra, with its strong regional and cultural appeal.

Leaders of the Shiv Sena: Top leaders of party are as follows:

Udhav Thackeray is the President and Chairperson of Shiv Sena. He took the charge after the death of Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray. Udhav Thackeray became the Karya pramukh of the party. He held the post of Shiv Sena’s working president in 2003, when the party won the Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation Election in 2002. Another influential leader of the party is Aditya Thackeray who is the president of Yuva Sena or youth faction of Shiv Sena. He is the grandson of Bal Thackeray. Aditya is the enthusiastic youth leader of the youth wing of the party. Except Maharashtra, the youth wing expanded in other states of India such as Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala and Jammu and Kashmir. Anand Prakash Paranjpe is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha. He represents the Kalyan constituency of Maharashtra. Anandrao Adsul is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Amravati constituency of Maharashtra. Anant Gangaram Geete is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Raigad constituency of Maharashtra. Bhavana Patil Surve Gawali is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and she represents the Yavatmal- Wasim constituency of Maharashtra. Chandrakant Bhaurao Khaire is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Aurangabad constituency of Maharashtra. Dudhgaonkar Ganeshrao Nagorao is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Parbhani constituency of Maharashtra. Gajanan Dharmshi Babar is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Maval constituency of Maharashtra. Prataprao Ganpatrao Jadhav is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Buldhana constituency of Maharashtra. Shivaji Adhalrao Patil is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Shirur constituency of Maharashtra. Subhash Bapurao Wankhede is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Hingoli constituency of Maharashtra. Wakchaure Bhausaheb Rajaram is Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha and represents the Shirdi constituency of Maharashtra. Anil Desai is Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. Dr. Bharatkumar Raut is Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. Sanjay Raut is also Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha.

Ideology of party:

Shiv Sena works on the ideologies of regional, ethnic and linguistic exclusiveness, and its intolerance of those who are not Marathis. This fascist and extremist political philosophy is visible through the vibrant use of this symbol by the Shiv Sena. Party gives more emphasis to the Hindutva beliefs. According to news report, Thackeray made some contentious moves against Muslims and adjacent Pakistan.

Shiv Sena was blamed of being involved in harmonized political violence in order to spread its ideologies and blast opposing principles. Therefore sometimes, party is recognized as a militant right-wing group.

Success and political movement of Shiv Sena:

On Indian land, Shiv Sena has emerged as a regional political party and accomplished numerous political objectives. The Shiv Sena established a number of frontal mass organizations. These are the student wing called the Bharatiya Vidyarthi Sena, the youth wing of the party is called the Yuva Sena, and its women’s wing is called the Shiv Sena Mahila Aghadi. These different wings have appreciably upheld the interests of the various sections of the society. These frontal organizations have their branches in Maharashtra as well as in other states too, such as Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Bihar and Kerala. The Mahila Aghadi is an effective organization that settles domestic disputes in Mumbai households and has greatly reduced women oppression in the families due to its active involvement.

In turbulence period, regional parties like Shiv sena has played effectual role in developmental transformation of its region to bring about growth in social and economic situation of the whole state and not just identities associated with it. Thackerey struck a harmony with the jobless educated youth of Maharashtra with his provocative rhetoric and ethnocentric speeches. Thackerey had great political insight that can hold the crowd in his influence.

The Shiv Sena is actively involved in supporting the cause of the superior industrialists in the state of Maharashtra, as its draconian rules apparently maintained peaceful working conditions in the industries. This results in high productivity of the industry that is declared by the party. The Shiv Sena went into frequent scuffle with workers’ trade unions and the labour wings of left parties such as CPI and CPI-M, as the Shiv Sena often combat the rights of the workers in a factory.

The Shiv Sena has immense role in the liberation of 500,000 slum dwellers in the Dharavi regions of Mumbai. This is the largest slum in all of Asia. The Shiv Sena actually gave free houses to these slum dwellers.

Regarding 2014 elections, Shiv Sena president Uddhav Thackeray vow to gain power along with collation with the National Democratic Alliance and believed that the next prime minister of India will be from their alliance. Shiv Sena party has launched numerous helpline for the public, a woman's safety mobile application, a Marathi mobile dictionary, an application of famous speeches by Bal Thackeray, a women's self-help group and the Shriman Balasaheb Thackeray IAS Academy. Such facilities will help people to know the ideology of party and shield their life also.

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